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Best Management Practices for Pesticide Applicators

This section provides a series of best management practices that all pesticide applicators should follow. This is whether you are a professional applicator or an amateur. Along with this information are links to BMPs for specific crop production. All of our BMPs are geared to promoting safety, integrated pest management, and protection of the environment.

Best Management Practices for Wine Grape Growers

Wine grapes demand protection from pests and diseases. As a result, growers use pesticides and other pest management strategies. Growers must use pesticides sparingly and properly. Maintaining a strategy of integrated pest management (IPM) protects the health of the crop, the grower, the environment, and the public. It also assures that viable pest management strategies are available for future use.

Growers should use this document and its sub-headings as a checklist of possible Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices that they could implement. Growers should count only the activities they perform in their wine grape pest management practices and aim to be compliant with at least 80% of the activities listed. This is not a requirement, but only a suggested level of compliance.


This document is intended to help wine grape growers identify areas in their operations that possess strong IPM qualities and also point out areas for improvement. Growers should attempt to incorporate the majority of these specific techniques into their usual production and maintenance practices, especially in areas where they fall short of the 80% goal.


To view the document, click HERE [PDF].



  • Alson H. Smith, Jr. Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Winchester, VA
  • Crop Profile for Grapes in North Carolina
  • Crop Profile for Grapes in Virginia
  • The Mid-Atlantic Wine Grape Grower’s Guide
  • Fungicide Resistance Action Committee
  • North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual. Chapter VII. Insect and Disease Control of Fruits
  • North Carolina Wine Growers Association
  • The Southern Region Small Fruit Consortium Small Fruit Regional Production Guide
  • Virginia Vineyards Association
  • Virginia Tech’s Site for Grape IPM & Production
  • Virginia Tech Mid-Atlantic Vineyards Grape IPM
  • Virginia Pest Mangement Guide for Commercial Vineyards
  • Virginia Grape Disease Update
  • Viticulture Notes

    • Holly Gatton, IPM Project Manager, Virginia Tech Pesticide Programs, Blacksburg, VA
    • Anton Baudoin, Extension Plant Pathologist, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA
    • Jeff Derr, Extension Weed Specialist, Hampton Roads AREC, Hampton Roads, VA
    • Mizuho Nita, Extension Grape Pathologist, Alson Smith AREC, Winchester, VA
    • Doug Pfeiffer, Extension Entomologist, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA
    • Mike Weaver, Extension Project Leader, Entomology, Director, Virginia Tech Pesticide Programs, Blacksburg, VA
    • Tony Wolf, Director/Viticulture Extension Specialist, Alson Smith AREC, Winchester, VA
    • Hannah Burrack, Extension Entomologist, NCSU, Raleigh, NC
    • Sara Spayd, Viticulture Extension Specialist, NCSU, Raleigh, NC
    • Turner Sutton, Viticulture Extension Pathologist,NCSU, Raleigh, NC
    • Steve Toth, IPM Coordinator/Extension Entomologist, NCSU, Raleigh, NC
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    Pesticides & Pollinators

    For more information see our series of pages on pollinators and pesticides.

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