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W. J. Schoene

William Schoene was the acting director of the Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station (1914-16); Virginia State Entomologist from 1914 to 1935. He had the task of enforcing several pest laws that resulted in law suits and a long record of court cases.

A number of the cases ended up in the Virginia Supreme Court where they were upheld. The record includes: 


1 The Cedar Rust Act of 1914 gave rise to five published opinions. Two were in federal district court (Kelleher was a resident of Seattle, Washington), two were in the Virginia Supreme Court, and one was in the U.S. Supreme Court. In all cases the appellee was the state entomologist, the officer in charge of enforcing the law. All upheld the constitutionality of the act, and all were unanimous except for Kelleher v. French (one written dissent on the three-judge federal panel) and Miller v. Schoene, State Entomologist (one unelaborated dissent in Virginia Supreme Court concerning lack of damages). In chronological order (with exact date of decision, which has some bearing on this account), they are: Bowman v. Virginia State Entomologist, 128 Va. 351 (Nov.

18, 1920); Kelleher v. Schoene, State Entomologist, 14 F.2d 341 (D.C.W.D.Va. July 22, 1926); Miller v. Schoene, State Entomologist, 146 Va. 175 (Nov. 18, 1926); Kelleher v. French, 22 F.2d 341(D.C.W.D. Va. Oct. 29, 1927); Miller v. Schoene, 276 U.S. 272 (Feb. 20, 1928). (from article - The Law and Economics of Cedar--Apple Rust: State Action and Just Compensation in Miller v. Schoene. Fischel, William A.

Review of Law & Economics; 2007, Vol. 3 Issue 2, p1-63, 63p, 1 Chart, 2 Maps


 Parrott, P. J. and Schoene, W. J. Expts. with home-made concentrated lime-S mixts. 5:1819; insecticidal properties of various sulfides and polysulfides., 10:1073. Chemical Abstracts.


Schoene, W. J. Zu arsenite as insecticide, 7:2825; influence of temp. and moisture in fumigation. 8:395; Chemicial Abstracts. 


The Apple and Cherry Ermine Moths. PARROTT, P. J. and W. J. Schoene Geneva, N.Y.: Department of Agriculture, 1912. Illus. with photos. 8vo. Wraps. 40 p. + plates . New York Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Bulletin No. 24. Name stamps; else very good. 55510   


Schoene, W. J. 1916. The cabbage maggot: its biology

and control. N. Y. S. (Geneva) Agr. Exp. Sta. Bull.

419.61 pp.


New York Agricultural Experiment Station Circular No. 26-the Use of Commercial Fertilizers. Schoene, W. J. And Fulton, B. B. 


New York Agricultural Experiment Station Circular No. 25-Apple Insects. Schoene, W. J. And Fulton, B. B. 



Schoene, W. J., and G. W. Underhill. 1935. Life history and

migration of the apple woolly aphis. Va. Agric. Exp. Stn.

Tech. Bull. 54.


Schoene WJ, Underhill GW. 1935. Life history and migration of the apple woolly aphis. Technical Bulletin, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station 57: 3-31.

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VPI Faculty - 1900

From University Archives: Harry Downing Temple Photograph Collection - VPI faculty in 1900.


VAMC Faculty - around 1890

From Alwood Family Archives: Photo taken in 1890 by W. B. Alwood on the porch of Horticultural Hall. This was likely a significant occasion with two members of the Board of Control (BOC) Executive Committee visiting the station - possibly the dedication of the building, which was completed around this time. The Executive Committee was the Institute's administrators - among its members were the President and two BOC members. The visit may have corresponded to appointments made of two people in the photograph, W. D. Saunders (station director) and H. M. Magruder (superintendent). In the photo was David Oliver Nourse, the first station animal scientist (wrote the first station bulletin on animal management); Charles Ellis, DVM, station staff veterinarian (1888-90); J. Thompson Brown, BOV, 1889-1904 (executive committee member and later, rector, 1900-08, 1912-21); C.E. Vawter, rector of BOV - the first to be reappointed in 1890 to two consecutive terms (1889-1900); William D. Saunders, professor of dairy science and head of the experiment station in 1890, and; Henry Magruder*, station superintendent. Brown and Vawter worked as a very powerful team - they brought a great deal of change to the Institute over the years.


*This is a rare photo of Henry Minor Magruder, who was one of the agricultural experiment station's greatest critics until he was appointed by the Virginia Board of Agriculture as superintendent of farms and equipment in December 1890. His was a short tenure as he died of a heart attack in June 1891. Magruder was charged by the Board to travel the state to demonstrate practical solutions to farmers. As such he was credited for doing some of the earliest Extension work in Virginia. Although he must not have had much time in this official capacity, his concept of Extension was planted long before Seaman Knapp persuaded the USDA to initiate the first agents in the states to eventually form the Cooperative Extension Service (which came about officially in 1914). As for practicing Extension methods, W. B. Alwood had been bringing practical solutions to the public since his arrival at VAMC in 1888. The first publicly documented Extension activity by a VAMC faculty member (Alwood) was published in the Charlottesville Chronicle in 1889. The article recorded Alwood's demonstration of the use of Bordeaux mixture to grape growers gathered at the Albemarle County (VA) courthouse square.


VAMC Faculty - 1878-79

From University Archives: 1877-79 - Harry Downing Temple Photograph Collection - Sitting (left to right): President C.L.C. Minor, Charles Martin, M.G. Ellzey, V.E. Shepherd, Gray Carroll. Standing (left to right): J.H. Lane, W.R. Boggs.


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